The First Lady, Pacifica Fernandez Oreamuno, designed the flag of Costa Rica in 1848. The flag was designed after the ideals of the French Revolution - freedom, equality, and brotherhood - and the colors of the French National Flag.
Costa Rica National Flag
The flag of Costa Rica consists of five horizontal stripes: A red stripe located in the center, between two white stripes, which are between two blue stripes. The width of each stripe is 1/6 of the total width of the flag, except the red stripe, which is 2/6 of the total width.
Each color represents important aspects of Costa Rica:
Blue means the sky, opportunities at reach, intellectual thinking, perseverance to accomplish a goal, infinite, eternity, and ideals of the religious and spiritual desires.
White means clear thinking, happiness, wisdom, power and beauty of the sky, the driving force of initiatives to search for new endeavors, and the peace of Costa Rica.
Red means the warmth of Costa Rican people, their love to live, their blood shed for freedom, and their generous attitude.
Flag in Castilian Spanish has two meanings: "Bandera" and "Pabellon Nacional". The first one refers to a national flag. The second one refers to a national flag with the national shield printed on the center of the red stripe.
Most High Schools and Primary schools, public offices, government offices, foreign missions and merchant ships must have the "Pabellon Nacional". For parties or civil activities people use the "Bandera".