has a special location in the map
, since it is in the middle of the Central American isthmus. It limits to the East and Northeast with the Caribbean
Sea; to the West and South with the Pacific Ocean; to the Southeast with Panama, and to the North
Located in Central America Costa Rica
has a surface of 51,100 km2 and it is a great destination for tourists. It is one of the countries with most protected areas
in the world, since 25% of the national territory is made up by national parks, biological reserves, both on land and marine, as well as other wild areas. It has approximately 850 species of birds, of which 600 are resident and the rest are migratory during the North American winter stopping in this country and later continuing their trip, generally towards South America.
According to the geographical coordinates Costa Rica
is located between 8° 02' 26" and 11° 13' 12" North of Ecuador and 82° 33' 48" West of Greenwich. Regarding its geological formation, the country is part of the young lands of America. This means that up until the beginning of the tertiary, Costa Rica
and Panama were occupied by a great marine channel that communicated the current Caribbean
with the Pacific, all of which made up a type of archipelago before a continental mass. It has been stated that the current Peninsula de Nicoya
and the Peninsula de Osa
are rests of these first-born islands.
From the mid tertiary, strong tectonic and volcanic movements allowed the complete appearance of the country and the origins, throughout an area of the fracture known as the Depression of Nicaragua, of the current volcanic cordilleras of Guanacaste
and Central. However, it was in the quaternary when the Costa Rican territory was consolidated and the scenario for the location of the first natives that settled in our territory was established. This small country is big on activities since the visitor can find sun, beach, adventure, nature, and culture, all in one place.
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