Costa Rica Location PDF Print E-mail

Geographical Location

Costa Rica has a special location in the map, since it is in the middle of the Central American isthmus. It limits to the East and Northeast with the Caribbean Sea; to the West and South with the Pacific Ocean; to the Southeast with Panama, and to the North with Nicaragua.

Costa Rica Location

Located in Central America Costa Rica has a surface of 51,100 km2 and it is a great destination for tourists. It is one of the countries with most protected areas in the world, since 25% of the national territory is made up by national parks, biological reserves, both on land and marine, as well as other wild areas. It has approximately 850 species of birds, of which 600 are resident and the rest are migratory during the North American winter stopping in this country and later continuing their trip, generally towards South America.

According to the geographical coordinates Costa Rica is located between 8 02' 26" and 11 13' 12" North of Ecuador and 82 33' 48" West of Greenwich. Regarding its geological formation, the country is part of the young lands of America. This means that up until the beginning of the tertiary, Costa Rica and Panama were occupied by a great marine channel that communicated the current Caribbean with the Pacific, all of which made up a type of archipelago before a continental mass. It has been stated that the current Peninsula de Nicoya and the Peninsula de Osa are rests of these first-born islands.

From the mid tertiary, strong tectonic and volcanic movements allowed the complete appearance of the country and the origins, throughout an area of the fracture known as the Depression of Nicaragua, of the current volcanic cordilleras of Guanacaste and Central. However, it was in the quaternary when the Costa Rican territory was consolidated and the scenario for the location of the first natives that settled in our territory was established. This small country is big on activities since the visitor can find sun, beach, adventure, nature, and culture, all in one place.

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Did you know?

Canopy tours first originated with scientific purposes, seeking to study the flora, fauna and entire ecosystems living on the treetops in Costa Rica.

Canopy Costa Rica

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Liberia, North Guanacaste

Costa Rica

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